Quantum impurity models using superpositions of fermionic Gaussian states: Practical methods and applications
Microsoft Station Q
University of California at Santa Barbara
Présentation en anglais
Vidéoconférence, Zomm #: 892019835 (Zoom link)
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Abstract: Quantum impurity models - systems of a few strongly interacting degrees of freedom coupled to a large bath of noninteracting fermions - constitute an important class of problems in condensed matter physics. Despite the small number of interacting modes involved, this class of problems can exhibit rich many-body physics phenomena. In this talk, I will present a new practical approach for performing variational calculations for quantum impurity problems. Our approach is motivated by recent formal results showing that a coherent superposition of non-orthogonal fermionic Gaussian states is an efficient approximation to the ground states to quantum impurities [Bravyi and Gosset, Comm. Math. Phys., 356 451 (2017)]. Our method uses an approximate projection of imaginary-time equations of motion that decouples the dynamics of each Gaussian state forming the ansatz. We benchmark our approach using density matrix renormalization group calculations. As a first application of the variational method, we calculate properties of the screening cloud of an Anderson impurity and calculate the impurity contribution to the entanglement entropy. Finally, we present ongoing work on the study of the ground state of the overscreened multichannel Kondo model, a problem difficult to tackle using conventional numerical tools.